The Budget, A Tool for Equity?
The state budget is the single most powerful expression of the state’s priorities. Where public taxpayer dollars are spent tells a whole lot about what public programs and services our state-level policymakers think are worth supporting. And where the state chooses to invest public dollars can help increase or reduce racial/ethnic disparities.
With the next workforce set to be its most diverse yet, Michigan needs to allocate its scarce resources in ways that ensure that ALL children can thrive – from cradle to career. And we know what children need to thrive:
- To be born healthy and have continued access to high quality health care services.
- To be raised by parents or caregivers who have the supports needed to be their child’s first, consistent and best teachers.
- To be assured a high quality education that begins in early childhood, extends through a career, and leads to economic self-sufficiency.
So how did the Governor’s fiscal year 2013 budget proposal promote equity in these key areas? He offers a mixed bag.
There are some positive areas such as an expansion of the Healthy Kids Dental program, which increases access to dental care for Medicaid-eligible children. However, some of his proposals offer mixed results such as a small expansion of funding for infant mortality prevention – a funding increase that will be inadequate to truly address the massive disparity in infant mortality, particularly among African American babies.
The Governor does nothing to restore last year’s harmful changes to critical family support programs such as the Family Independence Program, the Food Assistance Program, and the Earned Income Tax Credit though he does recommend small increases in child abuse/neglect and family support programs, but not nearly enough to offset the deep cuts these programs have suffered over the last decade.
And finally, he offers a mixed bag in the P-20 educational continuum. The Governor reduces funding for the child care subsidy program as a result of anticipated caseload reductions and fails to invest those savings into quality improvement initiatives – quality improvements that can ensure the healthy development of young children and prepare them for school. And while funding for early childhood education programs are maintained, he doesn’t provide additional resources to those programs that have shown to reduce the educational equity gap that emerges before children reach kindergarten. And after a decade of disinvestment, the Governor provides no further funding increases for programs that build educational equity, including extended learning programs and opportunities for the 5th and 6th year of high school.
As Michigan continues to face increasing poverty rates and increasing disparities in child outcomes, failing to restore huge cuts to public programs that work to reduce and ultimately close these gaps will be detrimental to the future of Michigan children of color and low-income children. With ever increasing need, working to close disparity gaps is a critical component of the state’s economic recovery. Adequately funding public programs that strengthen opportunities and capabilities of ALL of Michigan’s future leaders and workers is vital. Unfortunately, the Governor’s budget fails to do so.
See Michigan’s Children’s latest brief on the Governor’s proposed fiscal year 2013 budget and how it may impact equitable outcomes for children.
– Mina Hong